What are chemical properties of alcohols?
Alcohols are acidic in nature. They react with metals such as sodium, potassium etc. It is due to the polarity of bond between hydrogen atom and oxygen atom of hydroxyl group. Primary alcohols are more acidic than secondary and tertiary alcohols.
What is the physical and chemical properties of alcohol?
Most of the common alcohols are colourless liquids at room temperature. Methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and isopropyl alcohol are free-flowing liquids with fruity odours. The higher alcohols—those containing 4 to 10 carbon atoms—are somewhat viscous, or oily, and they have heavier fruity odours.
What are the chemical properties of ethanol?
Pure ethanol is a flammable, colorless liquid with a boiling point of 78.5° C. Its low melting point of -114.5° C allows it to be used in antifreeze products. It has a pleasant odor reminiscent of whiskey. Its density is 789 g/l about 20% less than that of water.
What is the chemical in alcohol?
The type of alcohol in the alcoholic drinks we drink is a chemical called ethanol.To make alcohol, you need to put grains, fruits or vegetables through a process called fermentation (when yeast or bacteria react with the sugars in food – the by-products are ethanol and carbon dioxide).
What are the chemical properties of phenol?
Pure phenol is a white crystalline solid, smelling of disinfectant. It has to be handled with great care because it causes immediate white blistering to the skin. The crystals are often rather wet and discolored.
Melting and boiling points.
|melting point (°C)||boiling point (°C)|
What is the physical properties of isopropyl alcohol?
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
|Auto ignition temperature:||455. 6°C|
|Solubility:||Miscible with water, alcohol, ether, and chloroform|
|General characteristics:||Colorless liquid with slight odor resembling that of rubbing alcohol|
What are physical properties of alkanes?
Some important physical properties of alkanes are: Alkanes are colourless and odourless. They possess weak Van Der Waals forces of attraction. Alkanes having 1-4 carbon atoms are gases, then from 5-17 carbon atoms they are liquid and alkanes having 18 or more carbon atoms are solid at 298K.
What are the properties and uses of ethanol?
Ethanol is an important industrial chemical; it is used as a solvent, in the synthesis of other organic chemicals, and as an additive to automotive gasoline (forming a mixture known as a gasohol). Ethanol is also the intoxicating ingredient of many alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits.
What are the chemical properties of chloroform?
The chemical formula is CHCl3. It is colourless, sweet smelling dense liquid produced in large scale.
Other names – Trichloromethane, Formyl trichloride, Trichloroform.
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||119.38 g/mol|
|Boiling Point||61.2 °C|
|Melting Point||-63.5 °C|