Why benzene is soluble in ethanol but insoluble in water?
Benzene because it can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules. Benzene because it can form ion-dipole interactions with water molecules, a bonding interaction much like dipole-dipole interactions but stronger. Ethanol because it can form London forces with water.
What makes something soluble in alcohol?
Solubility of alcohols is therefore determined by the stronger of the two forces. Because of the strength of the attraction of the OH group, first three alcohols (methanol, ethanol and propanol) are completely miscible. They dissolve in water in any amount.
What would be most soluble in benzene?
This is Ethanol, and it is a volatile, flammable and colourless liquid. This is acetaldehyde, and it is an organic chemical compound. … This is nitrobenzene, and it is a covalent compound which is a reason that it is soluble in benzene, alcohol etc but insoluble in water.
Which is more soluble in benzene?
It turns out that the opposite of what happens in polar solvents takes place when a non-polar solvent is used. At the same temperature, o-nitrophenol is more soluble in benzene than it’s m and p isomers.
What are the 5 factors affecting solubility?
Factors affecting solubility
- Temperature. Basically, solubility increases with temperature. …
- Polarity. In most cases solutes dissolve in solvents that have a similar polarity. …
- Pressure. Solid and liquid solutes. …
- Molecular size. …
- Stirring increases the speed of dissolving.
What are the 10 examples of solvent?
- Methyl acetate.
- Ethyl acetate.
What alcohol is not soluble in water?
The longer-chain alcohols – pentanol, hexanol, heptanol, and octanol – are increasingly non-soluble. What is happening here? Clearly, the same favorable water-alcohol hydrogen bonds are still possible with these larger alcohols.
Is vitamin C soluble in methanol?
The solubility of l-(+)-ascorbic acid decreases in the order of water, methanol, ethanol, propan-2-ol, tetrahydrofuran, acetone, acetonitrile, and ethyl acetate. Ascorbic acid is a polar organic molecule of the general formula of C6H8O6.
What are the similarities and differences between miscibility and solubility?
The term miscibility refers to the ability of a liquid solute to dissolve in a liquid solvent. Solubility is a more general term, but it is more often used to mean the ability of a solid solute to dissolve in a liquid solvent.