Which of the following is an example of a monohydroxy alcohol?
|Which of the following is an example of a monohydroxy alcohol||ethanol|
|Which of the following is an example of a polyhydroxy alcohol||sorbitol|
|Organic hydroxide compounds are better known as||alcohols|
|What substance is produced by the dehydration of an organic acid and alcohol||an ester|
What are examples of alcohols?
Physical properties of alcohols
|IUPAC name||common name||formula|
Which of the following is an example of an alcohol chemistry?
The four most common alcohols, which are also the simplest, are methanol (CH3OH), ethanol(C2H5OH), propanol (C3H7OH) and butanol (C4H9OH).
|Chemical Formula||IUPAC Name||Common Name|
|CH 3OH||Methanol||Wood alcohol|
|C 2H 5OH||Ethanol||Grain alcohol|
|C 3H 7OH||Isopropyl alcohol||Rubbing alcohol|
How do you name tertiary alcohols?
A tertiary (3°) alcohol is one in which the carbon atom (in red) with the OH group is attached to three other carbon atoms (in blue). Its general formula is R3COH.
Classification of Alcohols.
|Condensed Structural Formula||(CH3)3COH|
|Class of Alcohol||tertiary|
|Common Name||tert-butyl alcohol|
Why are these alcohol is important?
Alcohols are among the most common organic compounds. They are used as sweeteners and in making perfumes, are valuable intermediates in the synthesis of other compounds, and are among the most abundantly produced organic chemicals in industry.
What is the general formula of an alcohol?
Alcohol molecules all contain the hydroxyl (-OH) functional group. They are a homologous series and have the general formula C nH 2n+ 1OH. Their names all end in -ol.