Question: What is the rate determining step in dehydration of alcohol?

How do you compare the rate of dehydration of alcohol?

The rate of dehydration is highest for tertiary alcohols as compared to secondary and primary alcohols. The more the resonating structures formed, the more will be the stability, hence higher will the rate of dehydration. Complete answer: -When alcohol undergoes dehydration, it forms alkenes.

Which alcohol undergoes dehydration faster?

Since the carbocation is most stable in the case of tertiary alcohols, the rate of dehydration of alcohols is highest for tertiary alcohols in comparison to secondary and primary alcohols.

Which alcohol is more reactive for dehydration?

Tertiary alcohols tend to be easier to dehydrate and primary alcohols to be the hardest.

What is the rate of dehydration?

According to the lay press, 75% of Americans are chronically dehydrated. While this is not supported by medical literature, dehydration is common in elderly patients. It has been reported to occur in 17% to 28% of older adults in the United States. [1] Dehydration is a frequent cause of hospital admission.

Which is a tertiary alcohol?

Definition. A tertiary alcohol is a compound in which a hydroxy group, ‒OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom which has three other carbon atoms attached to it.

What is primary and secondary alcohol?

Alcohols are organic molecules containing a hydroxyl functional group connected to an alkyl or aryl group (ROH). If the hydroxyl carbon only has a single R group, it is known as primary alcohol. If it has two R groups, it is a secondary alcohol, and if it has three R groups, it is a tertiary alcohol.

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Which of the following is not dehydrating agent for alcohol?

Hydrated CaCl2 is not a dehydrating agent. It is anhydrous CaCl2 , which is a good dehydrating agent.