Which of the following is an example of a monohydroxy alcohol?

Which compound is a trihydroxy alcohol?

Commonly called glycerol or glycerin, 1,2,3-propanetriol is the most important trihydroxy alcohol. Like the two glycols, it is a sweet, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a product of the hydrolysis of fats and oils.

What are examples of alcohols?

Physical properties of alcohols

IUPAC name common name formula
methanol methyl alcohol CH3OH
ethanol ethyl alcohol CH3CH2OH
1-propanol n-propyl alcohol CH3CH2CH2OH
2-propanol isopropyl alcohol (CH3)2CHOH

Which of the following is an example of a polyhydroxy alcohol?

Two simple and important polyhydroxy alcohols are ethylene glycol and glycerol. Examples: Blood sugar is a polyhydroxy compound with 5 alcohol groups.

Which of the following is a tertiary alcohol?

Thus 2-methylbutan-2-ol is a tertiary alcohol.

Which is a tertiary alcohol?

Definition. A tertiary alcohol is a compound in which a hydroxy group, ‒OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom which has three other carbon atoms attached to it.

Which of the following is dihydric alcohol?

Glycols are dihydric alcohols (having two hydroxyl groups). Ethylene glycol is the first member of this series.

What is primary and secondary alcohol?

A primary alcohol is an alcohol in which the hydroxy group is bonded to a primary carbon atom. … In contrast, a secondary alcohol has a formula “–CHROH” and a tertiary alcohol has a formula “–CR2OH”, where “R” indicates a carbon-containing group. Examples of primary alcohols include ethanol and 1-butanol.

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How do you classify alcohols?

Alcohols are organic molecules containing a hydroxyl functional group connected to an alkyl or aryl group (ROH). If the hydroxyl carbon only has a single R group, it is known as primary alcohol. If it has two R groups, it is a secondary alcohol, and if it has three R groups, it is a tertiary alcohol.

Are alcohols basic or acidic?

By the Arrhenius Definition of an acid and base, alcohol is neither acidic nor basic when dissolved in water, as it neither produces H+ nor OH− In the solution. Alcohol with a pKa of around 16−19 , they are in general, slightly weaker acids than water.