What are the physical and chemical properties of alcohols and phenols?

What are the physical and chemical properties of alcohol?

Alcohols are acidic in nature. They react with metals such as sodium, potassium etc. It is due to the polarity of bond between hydrogen atom and oxygen atom of hydroxyl group. Primary alcohols are more acidic than secondary and tertiary alcohols.

What are the chemical properties of phenol?

Pure phenol is a white crystalline solid, smelling of disinfectant. It has to be handled with great care because it causes immediate white blistering to the skin. The crystals are often rather wet and discolored.

Melting and boiling points.

melting point (°C) boiling point (°C)
C6H5CH3 -95.0 111

What is the two physical properties of alcohol?

Physical Properties of Alcohol

Alcohols generally have higher boiling points in comparison to other hydrocarbons having equal molecular masses. This is due to the presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl groups of alcohol molecules.

Is soluble in alcohol a physical or chemical property?

Is Solubility a Physical or Chemical Property? Solubility is a physical property.

What are physical properties of alkanes?

Some important physical properties of alkanes are: Alkanes are colourless and odourless. They possess weak Van Der Waals forces of attraction. Alkanes having 1-4 carbon atoms are gases, then from 5-17 carbon atoms they are liquid and alkanes having 18 or more carbon atoms are solid at 298K.

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What are the chemical properties of benzene?

Benzene is a colourless compound, and the physical state of Benzene is liquid. Benzene melts at 5.5 °C, and it boils at 80.1 °C. Benzene is not miscible in water and is soluble in organic solvents. It has an aromatic odour.

What is the physical properties of isopropyl alcohol?


Chemical formula: C3H8O
Flash point: 53°F
Auto ignition temperature: 455. 6°C
Solubility: Miscible with water, alcohol, ether, and chloroform
General characteristics: Colorless liquid with slight odor resembling that of rubbing alcohol

What are physical properties of hydrochloric acid?

It consists of non-corrosive and non- reactive chloride ion. The physical properties like boiling and melting points, density, and pH, of hydrochloric acid, varies depending on the concentration of hydrochloric acid in water. It is colorless with a highly pungent odor. HCl is a strong acid.